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Iran : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$76.1 billion (2011 est.)
$68.45 billion (2010 est.)


$131.8 billion (2011 est.)
$108.6 billion (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

22.5% (2011 est.)
12.4% (2010 est.)
note: official Iranian estimate

Unemployment rate

15.3% (2011 est.)
14.6% (2010 est.)
note: data are according to the Iranian Government

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$13,200 (2011 est.)
$13,200 (2010 est.)
$12,600 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

3% (2010 est.)
1.5% (2009 est.)
2.5% (2008 est.)

Internet users

8.214 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

67.5 million (2009)

Population growth rate

1.247% (2012 est.)


78,868,711 (July 2012 est.)

Historical background

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile.

Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics.

US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981.

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Economic overview

Iran's economy is marked by an inefficient state sector, reliance on the oil sector, which provides the majority of government revenues, and statist policies, which create major distortions throughout the system.

Private sector activity is typically limited to small-scale workshops, farming, and services.

Price controls, subsidies, and other rigidities weigh down the economy, undermining the potential for private-sector-led growth.

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The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Forecast Iran August 2017 Updater

  • $ 559
  • Country report
  • August 2017
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

The Economist Intelligence Unit expects the moderately reformist president, Hassan Rouhani, to continue with gradual economic liberalisation and social reform in his second presidential term, which he ...

  • Countries : Iran


Iran - ISA Country Report

  • $ 99
  • Country report
  • August 2017
  • by ISA

This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Iran, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country Report ...

  • Countries : Iran


Iran: In-depth PEST insights

  • $ 350
  • Country report
  • May 2017
  • by MarketLine

Iran: In-depth PEST insights Summary This PEST country analysis report on Iran provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant ...

  • Countries : Iran

Oxford Economics

Country Economic Forecasts > Iran Islamic Rep

  • $ 163
  • Country report
  • February 2017
  • by Oxford Economics

Our growth forecast has barely changed with no new national accounts data and oil production rising broadly in line with expectations. The base case sees GDP growing by a forecast 4.3% pa over the forecast ...

  • Countries : Iran

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